Caring for green areas requires a wide range of machinery and equipment built for an audience of professional gardeners and hobbyists. The choice of mechanical means must be made according to the size and characteristics of the green area to be maintained and in relation to the architectural models on which to base the design and management of gardens.
Garden equipment is obviously associated with the many types of gardening. Simply put, the range goes from English gardens to Italian ones. The former are characterized by a closer approach to the natural environment with large areas of grass, trees and shrubs arranged in a way that reflects a natural landscape and possibly also flanked by artificial elements such as caves, walkways and the like. Italian, or formal gardens, on the other hand, have their origins in the Renaissance with areas laid out according to planning involving geometries, divided through the use of rows and hedges, vegetation sculpted in various shapes, and trees and other plants arranged in a path. that leaves nothing to chance.
Then there are various types of Mediterranean garden. In more recent times rooftop gardens, landscaped squares and hanging gardens have been developed. The first two are built on top of an architectural structure or in an urban plaza for scenic purposes and to enhance the microclimate of the surrounding building and the second is grown on the walls of buildings to beautify the urban scene and reduce the air pollution. The greenery in general and the gardens in particular are instruments capable of reducing the results of the paved environment to improve the quality of life.
Especially abroad, and also in Italy, the idea that green helps to generate better health is advancing and the most ambitious expression of this concept are curative gardens or therapeutic gardens that are authentic rehabilitation facilities. Therefore, there is an awareness that working with greenery and gardening helps sick or disabled people in ways that limit their activities.
Along with the various more or less defined types, there are many private gardens that do not fit into predetermined schemes but arise from singular initiatives and personal choices. However, they too share the need for care and maintenance.
Following is a study of some of the basic equipment used in gardening.
Soil preparation and planting
Manual equipment or power tools are used to prepare the ground for planting, for example a lawn. The shovel is the main item among hand tools and the shovel is followed by more manual labor with the use of the hoe and rake to pulverize the soil. The labor involved in cleaning the land can be reduced by using the so-called technological shovel equipped with a system that reduces the physical effort required.
Cultivators are only capable of breaking through soil and are smaller than cultivators. These are more versatile because they can be equipped with PTOs to mount a variety of implements, from a cutter on the mower bar to seeders and fertilizer spreaders. In addition, they can also tow small plowshares to plow the surface of the ground. The multifunctional equipment based on brush cutters allow digging at various depths and also perform mechanical weeding and pulverize the ground thanks to the different blades that can be mounted. Large areas are prepared with the deployment of tractor-mounted plows, cutters, and shovels.
The most common operations performed on the lawn is mowing. Brushcutters equipped with an operator-worn nylon flail can be used to cut lawns and small slopes. Cordless or battery operated electric best lawn mowers provide the benefits of light weight and low noise levels. Those that work with internal combustion engines are more powerful and can be used in more demanding conditions.
For lawn maintenance with a mower, the ranges of these machines are enormous and the selection depends basically on the quality of the cut and the size of the lawn area. For ornamental and quality lawns, mowers with helical blade cutting mechanisms are preferred; otherwise the choice would be one with a horizontal blade.
The maintenance of trees, shrubs and bushes
Garden shears and pruning shears are available in a very diverse number of models. Traditional tools are made to cut branches from shrubs and bushes to remove excess ones and especially to give the greenery precise shapes to the point of creating a topiary by training live perennials. The defining features of these tools are their sharp blades and elongated handles and grips for two-handed use.
There are special brush cutters with elongated handles and ergonomic handles for trimming twigs and branches manually. There are versions for working in hard wood equipped with robust grooved blades that allow the plant's lymph to come out of the tips so as not to jam the blade and other versions to cut thick and thin branches.
A significant number of trees in the garden make it necessary to add a chainsaw to garden equipment and there are many models with internal combustion engines or powered by electric motors powered by mains or batteries.